James MANGUN – who’s your daddy?


James MANGUN (1782-1861) is said to have been born in Prince George’s Co., Maryland. He married Mary GERMAN (or GERMEN) in 1807, and moved his family to Ohio between 1810 and 1820, where he died.

The parents of James and Mary have eluded researchers for years. This document is an attempt to outline what we know about the MANGUNs of Prince George’s Co., Maryland, and attempt to develop some theories regarding James’ potential parents, especially his father.

U.S. Federal Censuses

Let’s begin with the U.S. Federal Censuses. Below are the MANGUNs listed in the 1790 Census:

1790 U.S. Federal Census for Prince George’s County, Maryland
Page 302 (image 18 at Ancestry.com)

Head of Household:                        Mary MANGUN
Free White Persons - Males - Under 16:    1
Free White Persons - Males - 16 and over: 1
Free White Persons - Females:             2

1790 U.S. Federal Census for Prince George’s County, Maryland
Page 303 (image 18 at Ancestry.com)

Head of Household:                        James MANGUN
Free White Persons - Males - Under 16:    4
Free White Persons - Males - 16 and over: 1
Free White Persons - Females:             3

NOTE: This James will be referred to as “James Sr.” throughout the remainder of this document.

1790 U.S. Federal Census for Prince George’s County, Maryland
Page 304 (image 19 at Ancestry.com)

Head of Household:                        Zachariah MANGUN
Free White Persons - Males - Under 16:    0
Free White Persons - Males - 16 and over: 1
Free White Persons - Females:             2

Unless our James MANGUN is residing in a non-MANGUN household, since he was under 16 in 1790, he is either in the household of Mary or James Sr..

Next we will look at the 1800 Census:

1800 U.S. Federal Census for Prince George’s County, Maryland
Page 455 (image 15 at Ancestry.com)

Head of Household:                          James MANGUN
Free White Persons - Males - Under 10:      3
Free White Persons - Males -10 thru 15:     3
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 25:    2
Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44:    0
Free White Persons - Males - 45 and over:   1
Free White Persons - Females - Under 10:    0
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15:  1
Free White Persons - Females - 16 thru 25:  1
Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44:  0
Free White Persons - Females - 45 and over: 1

1800 U.S. Federal Census for Prince George’s County, Maryland
Page 455 (image 15 at Ancestry.com)

Head of Household:                          Henry MANGAN
Free White Persons - Males - Under 10:      2
Free White Persons - Males -10 thru 15:     0
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 25:    0
Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44:    1
Free White Persons - Males - 45 and over:   0
Free White Persons - Females - Under 10:    0
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15:  0
Free White Persons - Females - 16 thru 25:  1
Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44:  0
Free White Persons - Females - 45 and over: 0

Mary MANGUN is not found in Prince George’s County in 1800.

Henry is probably a MANGUN who was one of the “16 and over” males counted in the 1790 Census. Our James is obviously not in this household.

Since our James would have been about 18 years old at the time of the 1800 Census, he is likely to be one of the two “16 thru 25″ males counted in the James MANGUN (aka James Sr.) household.

Finally, our James appears in the 1810 U.S. Federal Census as a “head-of-household” in King George and Grub Hundreds, Prince George’s Co., Maryland. The only other MANGUNs that appear in the 1810 U.S. Federal Census for Prince George’s Co., Maryland are H. MANGUN (no doubt the Henry MANGAN who first appeared in the 1800 Census), Ida MANGUN (over age 44, but whose widow?), and James MANGUN (aka James Sr.).

So it appears, just from the census data, that our James is likely to be the son of James Sr..

James Sr. does not appear in the 1820 Census. But a Sarah MANGUN (45+ years old) suddenly appears. It is possible that Sarah is the widow of James.

Wills

Will of James Mangun

Will of James Mangun

I discovered the will of James Sr., proved on 13 Oct 1820, in the Wills 1808 vol 1 database of the Maryland, Register of Wills Books, 1629-1983 collection at FamilySearch.org. The will mentions wife Sarah, and children Jonas G., James, Absalum <sic>, Zachariah, Henry, and Sarah TAYMAN.

Conclusion

Our James MANGUN is the son of James Sr. and Sarah MANGUN of Prince George’s Co., Maryland.

Who is James Sr.’s father? That remains a mystery. But the Zachariah MANGUN from the 1790 Census remains a distinct possibility.

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